As we all know that National Science Day is celebrated in India on 28 of February every year to mark the discovery of the Raman Effect. For this discovery, Indian Physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in the year 1930. National Science Day is celebrated as one of the major science festivals in India. Every year students from across the country demonstrate various science projects, also national and state science institutions demonstrate their latest researches.
Objectives of Celebrating National Science Day
- National Science Day is being celebrated every year to widely spread a message about the significance of scientific applications in the daily life of the people.
- To display the all the activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for human welfare.
- To discuss all the issues and implement new technologies for the development of the science.
- To give an opportunity to the scientific minded citizens in the country.
- To encourage the people as well as popularize the Science and Technology.
Why Sir CV Raman is Commemorated on Feb 28??
28th of February, 1928 was a great day in Indian History, when an invention in the field of Indian science was completed by the famous Indian physicist, Sir CV Raman. He was the first person to conduct a research that resulted in a great invention in India . To celebrate and honor this event always in the future, 28th of February was asked by the Indian Government to designate as a National Science Day in India by the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) in the year 1986.
On the first celebration ceremony of the National Science Day in India, NSCTC had declared the National awards for Science Popularization in order to recognize an excellent and wonderful endeavour in the field of science communication and popularization. Every year there is a new theme for National Science Day , and the theme of current year i.e. 2016, will aim to raise the public appreciation on scientific issues for the development of nation.
When a light beam passes through a transparent medium, some part of it gets scattered. The wavelength of these scattered rays is different from that of the incident rays of light. This phenomenon of scattering of light is termed as Raman Scattering, while the cause of the scattering is called the Raman Effect.
Sir CV Raman had worked from 1907 to 1933 at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, West Bengal in India during which he had researched on many topics of the Physics from which the Raman Effect became his great success and discovery which has been marked in the Indian history. Some of the awards he was honored through are as follows:
- Fellow of the Royal Society (1924)
- Knight Bachelor (1929)
- Nobel Prize in Physics (1930)
- Bharat Ratna (1954)
- Lenin Peace Prize (1957)
- Fellow of the Royal Society (1924)
From the year 2013, the “Raman Effect” has been designated as an International Historic Chemical Landmark by The American Chemical Society.
The National Science Day celebration also includes public speech, radio-TV talk shows, exhibitions of science movie, science exhibition based on themes and concepts, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science models exhibitions and many more activities. Variety of programs is also held for the common public and student community to popularize the science and technology in the country. The Minister of Science and Technology gives a message through his speech at this day to the students, scientists, researchers and general public of the nation. This event celebration has provided a real platform for various new comer scientists to fix their feet and bright their career in the science profession.
Scientific inventions and modern day technologies have completely changed the human life and paving the way for our future. Science and Technology has added greatly to our material comforts. It has also quickened the tempo of life. It has given man an altogether new social and political outlook. Hence in this age the study of science is a necessity. Without such study a modern man is like a bullock cart lumbering behind a motorized vehicle.